Numbers


   The numbers in Japanese both are written in kanji or arabic numerals. Kanji are the traditional Japanese way to write them, however it is very common to use arabic numbers. Some Japanese numbers have more than one way of saying them.

NumberJapaneseRomaji
0ゼロ/零 (れい)zero/rei
1一 (いち)ichi
2二 (に)ni
3三 (さん)san
4四 (し/よん)shi/yon
5五 (ご)go
6六 (ろく)roku
7七 (なな/しち)nana/shichi
8八 (はち)hachi
9九 (きゅう/く)kyuu/ku
10十 (じゅう)juu


   Which pronunciation of the number you are using, depends on what you are talking about. When you are counting for 9 you use kyuu. When you count to 10 you can use both words for 7 and 4, but after ten you use yon and nana to count.


After 10


   In Japanese there numbers past ten do not use different words. Instead they follow the pattern ten + one, ten + two. To say 11, you take 10 (juu) + 1 (ichi) after it. The pattern continues.

NumberJapaneseRomaji
11十一 (じゅういち)juu ichi
14十四 (じゅうよん)juu yon
18十八 (じゅうはち)juu hachi
16十六 (じゅうろく)juu roku



   When you get to 20 you add 2 (ni) in front of 10 (juu). In English this is equal to saying two ten. This pattern is the same for 30, 40 and so on.

NumberJapaneseRomaji
20二十 (にじゅう)ni juu
30三十 (さんじゅう)san juu
40四十 (よんじゅう)yon juu
50五十 (ごじゅう)go juu



   To say numbers between 21-29 you follow the same pattern and add the number after juu like you did number 11-19.

NumberJapaneseRomaji
21二十一 (にじゅういち)ni juu ichi
27二十七 (にじゅうなな)ni juu nana
23二十三 (にじゅうさん)ni juu san
29二十九 (にじゅうきゅう)ni juu kyuu



   This pattern continues all the way up to 99.

NumberJapaneseRomaji
35三十五 (さんじゅうご)san juu go
24二十四 (にじゅうよん)ni juu yon
66六十六 (ろくじゅうろく)roku juu roku
89二十九 (はちじゅうきゅう)hachi juu kyuu






100+


   The word for hundred is hyaku. The same pattern applies to all numbers 100-199.

NumberJapaneseRomaji
101百一 (ひゃくいち)hyaku ichi
167百六十七 (ひゃくろくじゅうなな)hyaku rokujuu nana
115百十五 (ひゃくじゅうご)hyaku juu go
182百八十二 (ひゃくはちじゅうに)hyaku hachijuu ni



   When you get to 200, you need to add two in front of hundred.

NumberJapaneseRomaji
208二百八 (にひゃくはち)nihyaku hachi
290二百九十 (にひゃくきゅうじゅう)nihyaku kyuu juu
241二百四十一 (にひゃくよんじゅういち)nihyaku yonjuu ichi



   This pattern continues the same for most numbers but there are some differences in pronunciation. The numbers below don't follow the usual pattern so you have to memorize them.

   300
becomes sanbyaku (さんびゃく)

   600
becomes roppyaku (ろっぴゃく)

   800
becomes happyaku (はっぴゃく)



1000+


   When you get to 1000 you use the word sen which means thousand. You follow same pattern as before.

NumberJapaneseRomaji
1200千二百 (せんにひゃく)sen nihyaku
1602千六百二 (せんろっぴゃくに)sen roppyaku ni
1460千四百六十 (せんよんひゃくろくじゅう)sen yonhyaku rokujuu



   There are only two odd rules with numbers in the 1000's.

   3000
becomes sanzen (さんぜん)

   8000
becomes hassen (はっせん)


   When saying 10,000 you use the counter man which is ten thousand. However the is something different. For 10,000 you must say ichi before man. This pattern continues.

NumberJapaneseRomaji
17000一万七千 (いちまんななせん)ichiman nanasen
28500二万八千五百 (にまんはっせんごひゃく)niman hassen gohyaku


   We will learn to count higher in future lessons. Don't worry so much if you can't remember all these numbers, we will review numbers a lot in our lessons.